Assignment: Outline the content of a poster for a national agricultural research meeting explaining the pros and cons of innovation systems principles




FACILITATING INNOVATION PROCESSES - BENEFITS AND COSTS

DEFINITIONS/ELEMENTS

  • use of multistakeholder networks aligned around a rallying point
  • stimulating generation, exchange and application of knowledge
  • focus on diversity of actions
  • social as well as economic gains


PROBLEMS WITH BUSINESS AS USUAL
past approaches were:
  • narrow focus on technologies
  • pipeline, linear apprach leading to lack of knowledge flow (blockages in pipeline)
  • pre-conceived external problem diagnosis
result was failure to achieve impact at scale


PRINCIPLES FOR ACCELERATING INNOVATION

  • establish and facilitate multi-stakeholder network
  • target for market pull (actual and potential)
  • combine talk with action
  • keep focus on key roles and innovations and actors
  • keep loose structures, be pragmatic
  • be opportunistic
  • share the driving seat / local facilitation

CASE STUDY - VIETNAM

10 year initiative from 2000
  • growing demand for beef - potential to target urban/high volume markets
  • capitalise on improved breeds
  • improved fattening system based on planted forage

process
  • participatory diagnosis
  • institutional and value chain analysis
  • establish and facilitate multi-stakeholder network at district level: extension, university, national/international research, traders, bank, farmer union, women's union

outcomes
  • increasing number of communes involved in fattening/accessing urban markets
  • widespread forage adoption


WARNINGS

  • process is LONG
  • high transaction costs
  • need to clarify role of researchers
  • no recipes
  • need a mix of skills and commitment
  • partners need to buy in to the approach
  • scaling out not easy
  • accommodating equity, gender and pro-poor issues is tricky